فَخَرَجَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فِي زِينَتِهِ ۖ قَالَ الَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا يَا لَيْتَ لَنَا مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ قَارُونُ إِنَّهُ لَذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ ﴿79﴾
So he went forth before his people in his pomp. Those who were desirous of the life of the world, said: "Ah, would that we had the like of what Qarun (Korah) has been given? Verily! He is the owner of a great fortune." (79)
Muslim Scholars define the Quran as this: The Arabic speech of Allah that was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) both in word and in meaning. It is collected between the two covers of the mushaaf, was narrated in mutawaatir chains, and is a challenge to humankind.
We can learn five important things about the Quran from this definition.
One other important part of the definition of the Quran is that Allah promised that He will protect it, until the end of time–and that promise doesn’t apply to anything else (such as the sunnah, or the Hadith Qudsi).
And we thought we knew the Quran!
May Allah allow us all to become saahibul-Quran, Companions of the Quran, those whom Allah will give the highest level of jannah (ameen)!
Yasir Qadhi. Lecture. AlMaghrib. Route 114: Quranic Sciences. University of Toronto, Scarborough Campus, March 2008.