سَأَلَ سَائِلٌ بِعَذَابٍ وَاقِعٍ
A questioner asked concerning a torment about to befall
لِّلْكَافِرِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُ دَافِعٌ
Upon the disbelievers, which none can avert,
مِّنَ اللَّهِ ذِي الْمَعَارِجِ
From Allah, the Lord of the ways of ascent.
تَعْرُجُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ إِلَيْهِ فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ
The angels and the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years,
فَاصْبِرْ صَبْرًا جَمِيلًا
So be patient (O Muhammad SAW), with a good patience.
إِنَّهُمْ يَرَوْنَهُ بَعِيدًا
Verily! They see it (the torment) afar off,
But We see it (quite) near.
يَوْمَ تَكُونُ السَّمَاءُ كَالْمُهْلِ
The Day that the sky will be like the boiling filth of oil, (or molten copper or silver or lead, etc.).
وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ
And the mountains will be like flakes of wool,
وَلَا يَسْأَلُ حَمِيمٌ حَمِيمًا
And no friend will ask of a friend,
يُبَصَّرُونَهُمْ ۚ يَوَدُّ الْمُجْرِمُ لَوْ يَفْتَدِي مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمِئِذٍ بِبَنِيهِ
Though they shall be made to see one another [(i.e. on the Day of Resurrection), there will be none but see his father, children and relatives, but he will neither speak to them nor will ask them for any help)], - the Mujrim, (criminal, sinner, disbeliever, etc.) would desire to ransom himself from the punishment of that Day by his children.
And his wife and his brother,
وَفَصِيلَتِهِ الَّتِي تُؤْوِيهِ
And his kindred who sheltered him,
وَمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ يُنجِيهِ
And all that are in the earth, so that it might save him.
كَلَّا ۖ إِنَّهَا لَظَىٰ
By no means! Verily, it will be the Fire of Hell!
Taking away (burning completely) the head skin!
تَدْعُو مَنْ أَدْبَرَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ
Calling: "[O Kafir (O disbeliever in Allah, His angels, His Book, His Messengers, Day of Resurrection and in Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments), O Mushrik (O polytheist, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah)] (all) such as turn their backs and turn away their faces (from Faith) [picking and swallowing them up from that great gathering of mankind (on the Day of Resurrection) just as a bird picks up a food-grain from the earth with its beak and swallows it up] [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi, Vol. 18, Page 289]
And collect (wealth) and hide it (from spending it in the Cause of Allah).
إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعًا
Verily, man (disbeliever) was created very impatient;
إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعًا
Irritable (discontented) when evil touches him;