By the dawn;
By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul-Hijjah).
And by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allah).
وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَسْرِ
And by the night when it departs.
هَلْ فِي ذَٰلِكَ قَسَمٌ لِّذِي حِجْرٍ
There is indeed in them (the above oaths) sufficient proofs for men of understanding (and that, they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbeliefs, etc.)!
أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ
Did you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not see (thought) how your Lord dealt with 'Ad (people)?
إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ
Who were very tall like lofty pillars,
الَّتِي لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِي الْبِلَادِ
The like of which were not created in the land?
وَثَمُودَ الَّذِينَ جَابُوا الصَّخْرَ بِالْوَادِ
And (with) Thamud (people), who cut (hewed) out rocks in the valley (to make dwellings)?
وَفِرْعَوْنَ ذِي الْأَوْتَادِ
And (with) Fir'aun (Pharaoh), who had pegs (who used to torture men by binding them to pegs)?
الَّذِينَ طَغَوْا فِي الْبِلَادِ
Who did transgress beyond bounds in the lands (in the disobedience of Allah).
فَأَكْثَرُوا فِيهَا الْفَسَادَ
And made therein much mischief.
فَصَبَّ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّكَ سَوْطَ عَذَابٍ
So your Lord poured on them different kinds of severe torment.
إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِالْمِرْصَادِ
Verily, your Lord is Ever Watchful (over them).
فَأَمَّا الْإِنسَانُ إِذَا مَا ابْتَلَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ وَنَعَّمَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَكْرَمَنِ
As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and gifts, then he says (puffed up): "My Lord has honoured me."
وَأَمَّا إِذَا مَا ابْتَلَاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهَانَنِ
But when He tries him, by straitening his means of life, he says: "My Lord has humiliated me!"
كَلَّا ۖ بَل لَّا تُكْرِمُونَ الْيَتِيمَ
Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well, nor give them their exact right of inheritance)!
وَلَا تَحَاضُّونَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ
And urge not on the feeding of AlMiskin (the poor)!
وَتَأْكُلُونَ التُّرَاثَ أَكْلًا لَّمًّا
And you devour inheritance all with greed,
وَتُحِبُّونَ الْمَالَ حُبًّا جَمًّا
And you love wealth with much love!